The Kaziranga National Forest which is located on the bank of the river Brahmaputra is spread over an area of around 378 sq km and declared as a world heritage site by the UNESCO. The topography of the park, which primarily consists of many acres of meadows and marshlands full of tall elephant grass makes the perfect habitat for the Indian one-horned Rhinoceros and Asiatic elephants.
The enormous open forest area of the Kaziranga is a home to the many exotic wildlife species that attract thousands of tourists every year for the safari and makes this national park one of the most sought after wildlife tourism destinations in India for the wildlife buffs. The most of the area of this park is easily accessible for the Safari so the Kaziranga is the perfect place to spot wildlife without any hindrance.
Kaziranga forest is primarily known for being the natural habitat to more than 2000 one-horned Rhinoceros, the highest number of this species in the world. The forest is also the home to the large population of the Wild water buffalo, around 57% of the world population is found here. The other herbivores in the forest include Eastern swamp deer, Hog deer, Elephant, Gaur, Sambar, Wild boar, Indian Muntjac and a few others.
Kaziranga is also a favorable atmosphere for the multiple species of the wild cats which are Bengal tigers, leopards, jungle cat, fishing cat and others. After the being declared as a tiger reserve in 2006, the tiger population in Kaziranga enhanced significantly, making it one of the highest tiger density zones in the world.
Other wild animals that reside in this forest are Bengal fox, golden jackal, Indian gray mongoose, Indian Pangolin, Chinese Pangolin, sloth bear, hog badger, Assamese macaque, golden langur, Hoolock gibbon and many others are enriching the wildlife of the Kaziranga. The rivers in Kaziranga are also the home of the Ganges Dolphin which is among the endangered species.
Kaziranga is also a paradise for the ornithologists or the bird watchers as they can find a great number of avifauna species here and thatís why this place has been recognized as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by the Wildlife International. The presence of numerous water bodies in Kaziranga makes it an ideal shelter for a variety of migratory birds, water birds, Scavengers, Predators and gaming birds.
More than 450 species of these beautiful creatures can be spotted in the park. Some of them are Black-necked Stork, White-fronted Goose, Greater Adjutant, Ferruginous Duck, Lesser Adjutant, and Asian Openbill stork. Many of these exotic birds migrate from Central Asia to the Kaziranga park during winter.