Kaziranga is one of the well preserved and most beautiful national parks of India. The only natural habitat for one-horned rhinos in the world, Kaziranga was officially declared as forest reserve in 1905 and national parks in 1974, since then its breathtaking flora and fauna has attracted millions of tourists that are coming from different part of the country and the world. The park is surrounds the floodplains of Brahmaputra Rivers that feeds the dominant biomes of the regions. Due to its high species diversity and omnipresence of strong visibility species, it has been termed as a "Hotspot of Biodiversity" in India. The total extent of the Kaziranga is sprawled over 430 square kilometers.
The vegetation of Kaziranga National Park mainly constitutes of three major types. These are classified as alluvial afloat grasslands containing thickets of tall elephant grass and short grasses, tropical wet evergreen forests and tropical semi-evergreen forests. But what is prominent is the tall elephant grass between the swamplands caused by the floodwaters of the mighty river Brahmaputra. Moreover, the glory of Kaziranga is its breathtaking array of flowers in the form of abundant cover of water lilies, lotus and water hyacinth, giving a beautiful look to the ambiance of the park. Its geographical positioning has gifted an ample species of climbing palm which also adds value to the natural beauty of the park. The study of the flora was undertaken in 1986 and the different vegetation coverage in Kaziranga is classified as follows: 41% of the total vegetation is covered with Tall Thickets of Elephant Tall Grasses, 29% Open Jungle, 11% Short Grasses, 8% of the area is covered with rivers and water bodies, 06% Sand and rest 4% is Swamplands.
While on an elephant safari you have to be fully clothed and covered to avoid the huge elephant grass which is very coarse and rough. Light cotton clothing in summer and woolen clothes are essential during winter if you are visiting Kaziranga National Park.
The perfect time to visit Kaziranga National Park is from mid November through end of April every year.